At Our Lady of Compassion, we believe that Design and Technology encourages pupils to think creatively and develop their abilities and understanding as to how to solve practical problems. It gives children opportunities to balance creative and practical capabilities and to investigate materials around them whilst developing their technical understanding and making skills. Practical experiences provide chances for children to reflect on their work, work out how to overcome problems, develop flexibility and work collaboratively.
National Curriculum Purpose of Study
Design and Technology is an inspiring, rigorous and practical subject. Pupils use creativity and imagination; they design and make products that solve real and relevant problems within a variety of contexts, considering their own and others’ needs, wants and values. They acquire a broad range of subject knowledge and use cross-curricular skills from mathematics, science, computing and art. Pupils learn how to take risks, becoming resourceful, innovative, enterprising and capable citizens. Through the evaluation of past and present design and technology, they develop a critical understanding of its impact on daily life and the wider world. High quality Design and Technology education makes an essential contribution to the creativity, culture, wealth and well-being of the nation.
Our school aims to offer opportunities for children to:
· Develop creative and imaginative thinking.
· To provide children with the ability to identify and solve problems.
· Enable children to design, make and develop their knowledge and understanding.
· Explore and select appropriate tools and techniques and design and draw their ideas.
· To encourage children to understand and apply the principles of a healthy diet.
All children have the right to develop their capability in Design and Technology and should be taught at an appropriate level to:
· Extend their knowledge and understanding of a range of different materials such as construction, different textiles or materials and junk modeling.
· To develop the ability to reflect and evaluate their work and the work of others and to identify strengths and weaknesses in a positive way.
· Develop self-discipline, problem solving and decision making skills.
· Generate ideas through discussion and experimentation.
· Explore the work of different processes, products and designers.
Teaching and Learning Policy and Framework
At Our Lady of Compassion, we use a variety of teaching and learning styles in Design and Technology. Lessons aim to provide a balance of discussion, teacher instruction, exploration and opportunities for pupils to work independently. Children also have the opportunity to use a wide range of materials and resources, including ICT and Ipads.
Children will have the opportunity to experience:
· Motivating, challenging and enjoyable activities.
· A range of practical experiences.
· A mixture of practical work and theory.
· Opportunities to work independently or as a team.
· Opportunity to critically evaluate both their own work and the work of others.
· To develop ideas by planning, making and listening to the ideas of others.
· Different work of established designers and to discuss the techniques, skills and meanings that are represented in that work.
· A variety of different materials, processes, techniques and tools.
· How to use tools safely and to organise and care for materials and equipment.
· How to plan, record and revise their work, questioning, comparing and explaining ideas.
Cross Curricular Links
The teaching of Design and Technology reinforces and enhances the knowledge required in other curriculum areas, and wherever possible, it is linked to other areas of the curriculum. This gives children the opportunities to apply curriculum learning to their practical work. It will be the teachers’ responsibility to bridge other areas of the curriculum to Design and Technology, broadening the pupils’ experiences. At Our Lady of Compassion, Design and Technology is linked to areas such as Art, Science, History, Creative Writing and some of our Cornerstones topics.
Computers are available within school to support the teaching of Design and Technology wherever appropriate. Ipads also have access to the internet to give further support. The use of information and communication technology enables children to source information, enhance skills in design and develop their ideas by recording or researching the work of famous designers both past and present.
The programme of study for each Key Stage should be taught to pupils in ways appropriate to their abilities. At Our Lady of Compassion, we provide suitable learning opportunities in Design and Technology by matching the challenge of the task to the age group or ability of the children. Design and technology activities have the advantage that it is relatively easy to limit or extend the difficulty of the task whilst maintaining a coherent whole. All work will aim to stretch pupils to their full potential through a range of strategies such as setting open-ended tasks, setting tasks of increasing difficulty or providing a range of challenges and can be differentiated by outcome, choice of materials or task.
The Foundation Stage:
The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum encompasses areas of creative development under the heading ‘Expressive Arts and Design’, however, elements can also be found in other areas of The Foundation Stage Curriculum such as Physical Development, Maths and Literacy. We relate the development of the children’s knowledge and understanding of the world to the objectives set out in the Early Learning Goals. This learning forms the foundation for later work in Design and Technology. These early experiences include:
· Asking questions about how things work.
· Investigating and using a variety of construction, materials, tools and products.
· Developing making skills.
· Handling appropriate tools and construction material safely and with increasing control.
In EYFS there is an emphasis on independence and self-initiated learning in addition to planned teacher led activities and experiences. At Our Lady of Compassion, we provide a range of experiences that encourage exploration, observation, problem-solving, critical thinking and discussion. These activities, both indoors and outdoors, attract the children’s interest and curiosity.
Key stage 1
Pupils should be taught to:
· design purposeful, functional, appealing products for themselves and other users based on design criteria
· generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through talking, drawing, templates, mock-ups and, where appropriate, information and communication technology
· select from and use a wide range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks
· select from and use a wide range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their characteristics
· explore and evaluate a range of existing products
· evaluate their ideas and products against design criteria
· build structures, exploring how they can be made stronger, stiffer and more stable
· explore and use mechanisms in their products
Cooking and nutrition
· use the basic principles of a healthy and varied diet to prepare dishes
· understand where food comes from
Key stage 2
Pupils should be taught:
· use research and develop design criteria to inform the design of innovative, functional, appealing products that are fit for purpose, aimed at particular individuals or groups
· generate, develop, model and communicate their ideas through discussion, annotated sketches, cross-sectional and exploded diagrams, prototypes, pattern pieces and computer-aided design
· select from and use a wider range of tools and equipment to perform practical tasks
· select and use a wider range of materials and components, including construction materials, textiles and ingredients, according to their functional properties and aesthetic qualities
· investigate and analyse a range of existing products
· evaluate their ideas and products against their own design criteria and consider the views of others to improve their work
· Understand how key events and individuals in design and technology have helped shape the world.
· apply their understanding of how to strengthen, stiffen and reinforce more complex structures
· understand and use mechanical systems in their products
· understand and use electrical systems in their products
· apply their understanding of computing to program, monitor and control their products
Cooking and nutrition
· understand and apply the principles of a healthy and varied diet
· prepare and cook a variety of predominantly savoury dishes using a range of cooking techniques
· understand seasonality, and know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown, reared, caught and processed.
Special Educational Needs
All pupils have equal access to the National Curriculum and Design and Technology lessons are planned by teachers to include all children. The needs of children with Special Educational Needs, and those with a greater need for development of fine motor skills, will be met within the Design and Technology Policy, curriculum overviews and whole school aims. Pupils who possess physical difficulties in manipulating materials or tools may need specific support to help develop their skills into tangible experiences. Processes should be adapted to suit pupils with limited dexterity.
Gifted and Talented
Any children who are identified as ‘gifted and talented’ are planned for and are challenged to extend their learning. These children have the opportunity to explore and extend their skills and techniques with tasks of increasing difficulty. Lessons can be differentiated by outcome, choice of materials or task.
Teaching staff assess the children’s work in Design and Technology whilst observing them working during lessons. Beginning September 2020, the Design and Technology subject leader will keep evidence of the children’s work (one higher, one middle and one lower level) in a portfolio folder each academic year. This demonstrates what the expected level of achievement is in Design and Technology in each year of the school.
Beginning September 2020, each child will have a sketchbook/learning journal that they will take with them each year to their new class. These will be a personal record of each child’s learning journey throughout their time at Our Lady of Compassion. They will be used for a variety of purposes such as recording and collecting ideas, exploring techniques, experimentation and trials, observations and images.